Like I say in the video, 33% of the time, Brazilians get it right every time! But they get it right because they're getting it wrong!! This lesson will show you the correct pronunciation of the 'ed' ending, which is used not only with the past tense of regular verbs, but also with the past participle and adjectives derived from the verb, and other adjectives that end with 'ed'. So, we're talking about a lot of pronunciation!
Discover why Brazilians make the mistake, and how you can correct it. It's actually not so difficult. Here's a basic reminder: it's all about SOUND.
There are three, count them, 3 different ways to pronounce the 'ed' ending, and all of them depend on the final sound of the verb. So don't let yourself get influenced by the spelling of the word - focus on the sound. So let's take a look at the first set of sounds and how you pronounce the 'ed'.
VOICELESS (no vibration) consonants
When the final sound of the verb is one of the following sounds, the pronunciation of the 'ed' ending will be a voiceless /t/ sound. Remember, the word will have the same number of syllables!
- [p] to drop “The boy dropped his books.”
- [k] to wreck “The found a wrecked ship in the harbor.” (ADJECTIVE)
- [θ] to froth “th”: “The rabid dog frothed at the mouth.”
- [f] to laugh “I laughed right in his face.”
- [s] to force “The door was forced open.” (PASSIVE)
- [ʃ] to brush “sh”: “He brushed his teeth daily.”
- [tʃ] to watch “ch”: “I watched Tom run across the street.”
VOICED (vibration) consonants
When the final sound of the verb is one of the following sounds, the pronunciation of the 'ed' ending will be a voiced /d/ sound. Remember, the word will have the same number of syllables!
- [b] to grab “I grabbed a bite before going home.”
- [g] to brag “He bragged about his good looks.”
- [ð] to bathe “She bathed her daughter in warm water.”
- [v] to love “They loved it.”
- [z] to raise “We raised dogs for adoption.”
- [dʒ] to charge “They were charged too much for dinner!” (PASSIVE)
- [m] to seem “It seemed clear to me.”
- [n] to burn “He had a burned finger.” (ADJECTIVE)
- [ŋ] to bang “He banged his knee on the table.”
- [r] to care “No one cared much about him.”
- [l] to trouble “She had a troubled look on his face.” (ADJECTIVE)
This last pronunciation is where Brazilians get it right! When the word ends in a voiceless /t/ sound or voiced /d/ sound, what do you do? That's right, you add an EXTRA SYLLABLE that sounds like /id/! Take a look.
- [t] to arrest “The thief was arrested by the police.” (PASSIVE)
- [t] to edit “The edited copy was sent to the studio.” (ADJECTIVE)
- [d] to end “The movie ended unexpectedly.”
- [d] to need “He needed some time to think.”
Hope this was helpful to you all!