ogdens 1000

Ogden's 1,000 Basic English Vocabulary List

English is a HUUUUUUGE language, with literally millions of words. But English is also a very direct and straight-to-the-point language. Its efficiency allows you to use and reuse the same word in many different contexts and situations, so you actually do not have to memorize an infinite number of dictionary entries. You can get close to understanding about 85% of EVERYTHING with only 1,000 words. Ogden's 1,000 is that list of words. This list includes the most frequent words used in general language, mathematics, commerce, the sciences and other internationally recognized words. Know this list, and you are literally 85% of the way there!


Suggested Exercise: create individual flashcards with the English word on one side and the definition in your language on the other. Practice frequently so you get enough exposure and repetition for each word. You might even create example sentences with each one to see how they work in real English.

A

a

abdomen

able

about

acceleration

acceptance

account

acid

across

act

addition

address

adjustment

advertisement

after

again

against

agency

agreement

air

alcohol

Algebra

all

allowance

almost

aluminum

ammonia

among

amount

amplitude

amusement

and

anesthetic

angle

angry

animal

answer

ant

any

apparatus

appendage

apple

approval

approximation

arbitrary

arch

argument

Arithmetic

arm

army

art

as

asbestos

asset

assets

assistant

at

attack

attempt

attention

attraction

authority

autobus

automatic

automobile

average

average

awake

B

baby

back

bad

bag

balance

bale

ball

ballet

band

bank

bankrupt

bar

bark

barrel

base

basin

basket

bath

be

beak

beautiful

because

bed

bee

beef

beer

before

behavior

belief

bell

bent

berry

between

bill

bill

Biology

bird

birth

bit

bite

bitter

black

blade

blood

blow

blue

board

boat

body

boiling

bomb

bone

book

boot

bottle

box

boy

brain

brake

branch

brass

bread

breath

brick

bridge

bright

broken

broker

broker

brother

brown

brush

bucket

bud

building

bulb

burn

burst

business

but

butter

button

by

C

cafe

cake

calendar

camera

canvas

capital

card

care

carriage

cart

cartilage

cat

catarrh

cause

cavity

certain

certificate

chain

chalk

champagne

chance

change

charge

chauffeur

cheap

check

cheese

chemical

chemist

Chemistry

chest

chief

chin

chocolate

chorus

church

cigarette

circle

circumference

circus

citron

claim

claw

clean

clear

client

climber

clock

cloth

cloud

club

coal

coat

cocktail

code

coffee

cognac

cold

collar

colony

color

column

comb

come

comfort

committee

common

company

comparison

competition

complaint

complete

complex

component

compound

condition

congruent

connection

conscious

consignment

constant

continuous

control

cook

copper

copy

cord

cork

cost

cotton

cough

country

court

cover

cow

crack

credit

creeper

crime

cross

cruel

crush

cry

cup

current

curtain

curve

cushion

cusp

customs

cut

D

damage

damping

dance

danger

dark

daughter

day

dead

dear

death

debit

debt

decision

deck

decrease

deep

defect

deficiency

degenerate

domesticating

degree

delicate

delivery

denominator

dependent

deposit

design

desire

destruction

detail

determining

development

diameter

difference

different

difficulty

digestion

direct

direction

dirty

disappearance

discharge

discovery

discussion

disease

disgust

distance

distribution

disturbance

division

divisor

do

dog

door

doubt

down

drain

drawer

dress

drink

driving

drop

dry

duct

dust

dynamite

E

ear

early

earth

east

edge

education

effect

egg

elastic

electric

electricity

elimination

encyclopedia

end

engine

engineer

enough

environment

equal

equation

error

evaporation

even

event

ever

every

exact

example

exchange

existence

expansion

experience

experiment

expert

explanation

export

eye

F

face

fact

fall

family

far

farm

fat

father

fear

feather

feeble

feeling

female

ferment

fertile

fertilizing

fiber

fiction

field

fight

fin

finger

fire

firm

first

fish

fixed

flag

flame

flat

flight

floor

flower

fly

focus

fold

food

foolish

foot

for

force

fork

form

forward

fowl

fraction

frame

free

frequent

fresh

friction

friend

from

front

fruit

full

fusion

future

G

garden

gas

general

generation

Geography

Geology

Geometry

germinating

get

gill

girl

give

gland

glass

glove

glycerin

go

goat

gold

good

government

grain

grass

great

green

grey/gray

grip

groove

gross

group

growth

guarantee

guarantee

guard

guide

gun

H

hair

hammer

hand

hanging

happy

harbor

hard

harmony

hat

hate

have

he

head

healthy

hearing

heart

heat

help

here

high

hinge

hire

history

hold

hole

hollow

hoof

hook

hope

horn

horse

hospital

host

hotel

hour

house

how

humor

hyena

hygiene

hysteria

I

I

ice

idea

if

ill

import

important

impulse

impurity

in

increase

individual

industry

inferno

infinity

influenza

inheritance

ink

insect

instrument

insurance

integer

interest

interpretation

intersection

invention

inverse

investigation

investment

investment

iron

island

J

jaw

jazz

jelly

jewel

join

joint

journey

judge

juice

jump

K

keep

kettle

key

kick

kidney

kind

kiss

knee

knife

knot

knowledge

L

land

language

last

late

latitude

laugh

lava

law

layer

lead

leaf

learning

leather

left

leg

length

let

letter

level

lever

liability

liability

library

license

lift

light

like

limit

line

linen

link

lip

liqueur

liquid

list

little (less,least)

liver

living

load

load

loan

loan

lock

locus

long

longitude

loose

loss

loud

love

low

lung

M

macaroni

machine

madam

magnetic

magnitude

make

malaria

male

man

manager

mania

map

mark

market

married

mass

match

material

Mathematics

mature

metabolism

may

meal

mean

measure

meat

medical

meeting

melt

memory

metal

microscope

middle

military

milk

mind

mine

minute

mist

mixed

mixture

momentum

money

monkey

month

moon

morning

most

mother

motion

mountain

mouth

move

much (more

multiple

multiplication

muscle

music

N

nail

name

narrow

nation

natural

near

necessary

neck

need

needle

nerve

net

neutron

new

news

nickel

nicotine

night

no

node

noise

normal

north

nose

not

note

now

nucleus

number

numerator

nut

O

oblique

observation

of

off

offer

office

oil

old

olive

omelet

on

only

open

opera

operation

opinion

opium

opposite

or

orange

orchestra

order

organism

organization

origin

ornament

other

out

oven

over

owner

P

packing

page

pain

paint

pair

pajamas

paper

paradise

paraffin

parallel

parcel

parent

park

part

partner

partner

passport

past

paste

patent

path

payment

peace

pen

pencil

penguin

person

petal

petroleum

phonograph

physical

Physics

Physiology

piano

picture

pig

pin

pipe

piston

place

plane

plant

plate

platinum

play

please

pleasure

plough/plow

pocket

point

poison

police

polish

political

pollen

poor

porter

position

possible

post

pot

potash

potato

powder

power

present

pressure

price

prime

print

prison

private

probability

probable

process

produce

product

profit

program

projectile

projection

proof

propaganda

property

prose

protest

Psychology

public

pull

pulley

pump

punishment

purchase

purchase

purpose

push

put

pyramid

Q

quality

quantity

question

quick

quiet

quinine

quite

quotient

R

radio

radium

rail

rain

range

rat

rate

ratio

ray

reaction

reading

ready

reason

receipt

reciprocal

record

rectangle

recurring

red

reference

reference

referendum

regret

regular

reinforcement

relation

relative

religion

representative

reproduction

request

resistance

resolution

respect

responsible

rest

restaurant

retail

retail

reward

rheumatism

rhythm

rice

right

rigidity

ring

river

road

rock

rod

roll

roof

room

root

rot

rotation

rough

round

rub

rule

rum

run

S

sac

sad

safe

sail

salad

sale

sale

salt

same

sample

sand

sardine

say

scale

scale

school

science

scissors

screen

screw

sea

seal

seat

second

secret

secretary

secretion

section

see

seed

seem

selection

self

send

sense

sensitivity

sepal

separate

serious

serum

servant

sex

shade

shadow

shake

shame

sharp

shear

sheep

shelf

shell

ship

shirt

shock

shoe

short

show

shut

side

sight

sign

silk

silver

similarity

simple

sir

sister

size

skin

skirt

skull

sky

sleep

slide

slip

slope

slow

small

smash

smell

smile

smoke

smooth

snake

sneeze

snow

so

soap

society

sock

soft

soil

solid

solution

some

son

song

sort

sound

soup

south

space

spade

spark

special

specialization

specimen

sponge

spoon

sport

spring

square

stage

stain

stalk

stamen

stamp

star

start

statement

station

steam

steel

stem

step

stick

sticky

stiff

still

stimulus

stitch

stocking

stomach

stone

stop

store

story

straight

strain

strange

street

strength

stress

stretch

strike

strike

strong

structure

substance

substitution

subtraction

successive

such

sucker

sudden

sugar

suggestion

sum

summer

sun

supply

supply

supply

support

surface

surprise

sweet

swelling

swim

system

T

table

tail

take

talk

tall

tapioca

taste

tax

taxi

tea

teaching

telegram

telephone

tendency

term

terrace

test

than

that

the

theater

then

theory

there

thermometer

thick

thickness

thin

thing

this

thorax

though

thought

thread

throat

through

thrust

thumb

thunder

ticket

tide

tight

till

time

tin

tired

tissue

to

toast

tobacco

toe

together

tomorrow

tongue

tooth

top

torpedo

total

touch

town

trade

train

transmission

transparent

transport

tray

tree

triangle

trick

trouble

trousers

tube

turbine

turn

twist

U

umbrella

under

unit

university

unknown

up

use

V

value

valve

vanilla

variable

vascular

velocity

verse

very

vessel

vestigial

view

violent

violin

visa

vitamin

vodka

voice

volt

volume

W

wages

waiting

walk

wall

war

warm

wash

waste

watch

water

wave

wax

way

weather

week

weight

well

west

wet

wheel

when

where

while

whip

whisky

whistle

white

who

wholesale

why

wide

wild

will

wind

window

wine

wing

winter

wire

wise

with

woman

wood

wool

word

work

worm

wound

writing

wrong

X,Y,Z

year

yellow

yes

yesterday

you

young

zebra

zinc

Zoology